Tiger Woods Used To Be One Of Golfs Longest Hitters — Until

What once was a massive distance advantage that Woods used to rack up a -13 score relative to par on par-5s at the 1997 Masters is now nothing special. These days, just about everyone hits it like Tiger — if not better.So what happened? For one thing, pro golfers took Woods’s lead and became much stronger and more athletic. Although Daly was a freak of nature — he never worked out and bombed drives while chain-smoking and pounding Diet Cokes — today’s top players have a lot more in common with current World No. 1 Dustin Johnson, who stands a lean 6-foot-4, hits the ball 305 yards per drive and proudly posts shirtless Instagram photos. As we’ve written before, Woods’s current pursuit of majors has been made more difficult by an influx of younger athletes to the game that he himself helped inspire. And a big part of that younger generation’s success is linked to hitting the ball really far.But another, even bigger factor is a drastic improvement in equipment over the years. Before the 1990s, driver clubheads were significantly smaller, made of heavy material like persimmon (instead of metal) and attached to the ends of shorter, heavier metal shafts (as opposed to graphite). As more and more players began switching to modern clubs — the last major won with a persimmon driver was Bernhard Langer’s victory at the 1993 Masters — the tour began to see a massive increase in driving distance (and, interestingly enough, a decrease in driving accuracy). More than just the introduction of fitter players, established golfers were also hitting the ball harder: The 60 players who qualified for the PGA Tour driving leaderboard in both 1995 and 2005 saw an average increase of 18.6 yards per drive over that span.Simply put, lighter clubs with a longer shaft and larger clubhead surface area generate more power. As a fun exercise last year, YouTuber and PGA club pro Rick Shiels hit 10 drives with both a top-of-the-line club from about 20 years ago (the Ping TiSi Tec) and 2018 (the Ping G400 Max) and measured the results using tracking analytics. On average, Shiels estimated to have hit the ball 16 yards farther in the air (and 19 yards farther in total) with the modern driver, thanks in part to a ball velocity 4 mph faster off the clubhead:Of course, the ball itself has also made it easier to drive for huge distances. The introduction of Titleist’s Pro V1 model in 2000 — which features a “multilayer” design with a solid rubber core and thin polymer casing — instantly revolutionized the way balls were manufactured, optimizing power without sacrificing accuracy. When Shiels ran a similar test between 1998 and 2018 golf balls (using the same club for each), he drove the ball 11 yards farther through the air — and 12 yards farther in total — with the current Pro V1, thanks again to a nearly 3 mph boost in velocity off the face.These clear technological improvements have led to questions over whether such advantages should be dialed back at the pro level to make the game harder again. Although the golf ball debate rages on, many top-tier courses have been remade since the ’90s, “Tiger-proofing” themselves by adding more distance to their layouts. Par-72 major championship courses in the 1990s averaged 7,006.1 yards in total length; by the 2000s, that average became 7,319.3 yards, and this decade it’s 7,456.6 yards — a 6.4 percent increase that mirrors the change in average driving distance since the early 2000s. With Tiger Woods restored to his familiar place among golf’s major winners, it’s tempting to allow the sports nostalgia to seep in. Tiger’s back! It’s just like the 1990s again! But as is the case in every sport, the game that Woods played 20 years ago is very different from today’s version and, if anything, makes his win at the Masters last month all the more impressive.Perhaps the biggest difference involves the sheer power of modern hitters. In 1995, Woods’s last season before turning pro, the average qualified PGA Tour golfer hit the ball 263.6 yards per drive; the leader, John Daly, checked in at 289.0 yards per drive. So far this season, the average is 292.9 yards per drive, and tour leader Cameron Champ checks in at 315.7. That’s right — the average drive distance from 2019 would have led the PGA Tour each season through 1996. Woods’s mark in 19971The first year Tiger played enough as a pro to qualify for the PGA Tour’s leaderboards. of 294.8 ranked second only to Daly’s 302.0. A 294.8-yard average today would rank just 86th of the 214 golfers on tour — tied with the slumping former World No. 1 Jordan Spieth. And just like the existing players increased their power through technology, existing major hosts have added length to offset it. Sixteen courses hosted a major in both the 1990s and 2010s; those courses averaged 7,011.6 yards back then and 7,307.9 yards now — an increase of 296.3 yards on average. Even the Black Course at Bethpage State Park in Long Island, which hosts this weekend’s PGA Championship, has increased its length by 222 yards since it hosted Woods’s U.S. Open victory back in 2002.We should note that both the boom in driving distances and the Tiger-proofing craze have largely leveled off since the mid-2000s. The average PGA Tour drive continues to creep up by a couple of yards every few years, but today’s long-drive leaders, such as Champ, Johnson and Rory McIlroy, are mostly hitting it the same distance as Bubba Watson and Robert Garrigus were a decade earlier. In that sense, the game Woods left when his 11-year major drought began in 2008 was actually similar to the one he climbed to the top of again last month.Just the same, when Tiger tees off Thursday at Bethpage in the PGA Championship, the modern sport’s power will be on full display. Woods might still smash it a solid 300 off the tee like he did in the late ’90s, but he won’t be vying for the tour lead in distance; instead, that part of his game makes him just another golfer in the middle of the pack. read more

Market watch Sensex sheds 175 points after Infosys trims revenue guidance

first_imgThe S&P BSE Sensex fell 175 points on Monday after India’s second largest IT firm Infosys trimmed its dollar revenue forecast for the current fiscal year.The Sensex closed at 26,904 points, down 0.65%, while the 50-share Nifty fell by 43 points, or 0.56%, to end at 8,143.Investors booked profits at higher levels after Infosys revised down its guidance to 6.4 to 8.4% in dollar terms from a previous estimate of 7 to 9%, despite posting a forecast-beating net profit for the second consecutive quarter this fiscal. Infosys net profit rose 9.8% to Rs 3,400 crore in the July-September period on a sequential basis, while revenue stood at Rs 15,635 crore.In a surprise move, the company’s chief financial officer Rajiv Bansal announced his resignation; he will be replaced by senior executive MD Ranganath.Following a cut in revenue estimates, Infosys shares fell nearly 4% to close at Rs 1,122 on the BSE, while other IT stocks also witnessed selling pressure. India’s largest IT firm Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) shares fell by 1.4%, while Wipro stocks were down by over 1%.”Infosys delivered a strong operational performance in Q2 FY16 with constant currency revenue growth exceeding expectation and margin improvement in-line. However, a cautious growth outlook for H2 FY16 impacted stock sentiment as it endangers incremental growth recovery in FY17. Heading into a transient challenging period, the stock may not offer further material upside after a significant outperformance in the past few months,” said Amar Ambani, Head of Research, IIFL.TCS is scheduled to release its second quarter results on Tuesday and investors will watch the company earnings closely, as it disappointed the Street’s estimates in the past few quarters.Among the BSE sectoral indices, IT was the top loser ending 2.1% lower, followed by healthcare and FMCG. However, metal stocks gained sharply taking a cue from rising global commodity prices. While the Vedanta stock ended 7% higher, Hindalco shares were up nearly 6%.Reliance Power (up 3.9%), BHEL (up 1.8%), Tata Motors (up 1.7%) and NTPC (up 1%) were the other top gainers among Sensex stocks. DLF (down 2.7%), Cipla (down 1.9%), HDFC (down 1.7%) were among the top losers.On the global front, Chinese stock markets soared on expectations of further stimulus from the country’s authorities. China’s benchmark Shanghai Composite ended 3.3% higher, lending support to other Asian markets. While Japan’s Nikkei was up 1.6%, Hong Kong’s Hang Seng closed 1.2% higher.Gold prices rose sharply by Rs 170 to Rs 26,870 per 10 gram, tracking the strength in the overall markets. Silver prices also ended Rs 275 higher at Rs 37,000 per kg.last_img read more

Reliance Infra to exit road business may sell entire portfolio to ease

first_imgReliance Infrastructure is nearing a deal to sell all of its road projects to Canada-based Brookfield Asset Management firm. The sale is a part of the company’s strategy to restructure its heavy debt by exiting from capital intensive businesses like road construction.The deal, estimated to be Rs. 8000 crore, had reached an exclusive negotiation phase, and a definitive sale agreement could possibly be signed in August, sources told the Economic Times.Anil Ambani-led Reliance Infrastructure is also one of the National Highway Authority of India’s (NHAI) biggest concessionaire with concession period ranging from 18 to 30 years. With 11 road projects spanning 1,000 km across India’s seven key states, the projects also encompass cities like New Delhi, Bangalore, Jaipur, Agra, Gurgaon, Pune and others mostly located on high traffic urban corridors.The news daily noted that the ADAG’s infra business had invested around Rs. 7,500 crore to Rs. 8,000 crore on the complete road assets.The company’s road business earned Rs. 653 crore in revenue in 2016 and is slated to touch Rs. 900 crore in 2017 when all the 11 projects complete a year of operation. Though all its road assets are revenue generating at present, the company sits on Rs. 5,000 crore debt. Estimated investments for the entire portfolio of roads is between Rs. 7,500 crore to Rs. 8,000 crore.For Brookfield, the assets are worthy investments as they fall under its core sectors of property, infrastructure, power and private equity. The company’s India head noted that “the assets themselves are not stressed, but are world class. They just happen to belong to businesses that are stressed” in India.With the sale of road business, Reliance Infra’s standalone debt is expected to ease, helping the company focus on high return of equity areas like defence manufacturing and engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) businesses.As of March 31, the company’s standalone debt was Rs.15,500 crore, while its consolidated debt was Rs. 25,000 crore.last_img read more

America pays tribute to political icon McCain

first_imgFlowers, signs and photos are seen at a makeshift memorial to US Senator John McCain, in Phoenix, Arizona on 26 August. Photo: AFPAmerica paid tribute Sunday to John McCain, the Vietnam War hero and two-time presidential candidate with a legendary temper whose personal courage and insistence on treating even his foes with respect earned him near-universal admiration.McCain died on Saturday, four days shy of his 82nd birthday, following a yearlong battle with an aggressive form of brain cancer. He is survived by his wife Cindy and seven children, three of them from an earlier marriage.Flags flew at half-mast over the White House and US Capitol in honour of McCain, as organizers announced he will lie in state at the US Capitol Rotunda.That honour has been accorded to only a few notable Americans, including John F Kennedy, Ronald Reagan and civil rights icon Rosa Parks.A memorial service will take place at the massive National Cathedral overlooking Washington on Saturday before McCain is laid to rest according to his wishes at the US Naval Academy in nearby Annapolis, Maryland, on 2 September, his office said.Ahead of the national ceremonies, McCain will lie in state at the Arizona State Capitol Rotunda on Wednesday and a memorial service will take place at the North Phoenix Baptist Church.“This is a rare and distinct occurrence for a truly special man,” said Arizona Governor Doug Ducey, adding: “John McCain is Arizona.”In Phoenix, a succession of ordinary Arizonans left flags or flowers at McCain’s office or a local mortuary to honour the man who represented them in Congress for 35 years.Former presidents George W Bush, a Republican, and Barack Obama, a Democrat-his successful rivals in, respectively, the 2000 and 2008 elections-are set to speak at the national memorial service, according to The New York Times.Media reports earlier this year said the senator had expressly asked that president Donald Trump not be invited. Instead, vice president Mike Pence is expected to attend.Deepest sympathiesAs tributes poured in from the US and abroad, Trump said simply that he sent his “deepest sympathies and respect” to the McCain family.A rare Republican critic of Trump, McCain had accused the president of “naivete,” “egotism” and of sympathizing with autocrats, especially after Trump’s widely criticized appearance in Helsinki alongside Russian president Vladimir Putin.McCain cast a decisive vote last year that killed Republican attempts to repeal Obama’s health care reforms. The repeal was a Trump priority, and the president never forgave McCain.The hawkish McCain was an unrelenting critic of Obama’s foreign policy, saying the Democratic president was weak on Libya, Iraq and Syria.Still, Obama said he and the senator “shared, for all our differences, a fidelity to something higher-the ideals for which generations of Americans and immigrants alike have fought, marched and sacrificed.”Bush, whose tough campaign against McCain in 2000 left both sides bruised, praised the Arizonan as “a man of deep conviction and a patriot of the highest order.”Ordinary Americans also paid tribute, many of them in Phoenix, McCain’s hometown.“I didn’t agree with him all the time,” said Michelle Hasnelle of Phoenix “(but) he was always for the people of Arizona-he was one of us.”McCain spent more than three decades in the Senate, looming large in debates over war and peace and the moral direction of the nation.As chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, he was a powerful advocate for the nation’s veterans.A great statesmanAs a fervent Atlanticist, a persistent critic of authoritarian leaders, and a frequent congressional traveller, he earned respect around the globe.German chancellor Angela Merkel called McCain “one of the great political figures of our time (who) fought tirelessly for a strong transatlantic alliance.” Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau said he was “an inspiration to millions.”McCain “embodied the idea of service over self,” according to British prime minister Theresa May, while French president Emmanuel Macron saluted “a true American hero.”Across the Pacific, the China Daily referred to him as a “titan of American politics.”Sarah Palin, whom McCain plucked from obscurity to become his 2008 White House running mate, described him as “a fighter, never afraid to stand for his beliefs.”McCain drew criticism from the left for giving a platform to Palin’s right-wing views, which contributed to the rise of the conservative Tea Party movement.But he also earned respect from liberals for his steadfast opposition to torture and his push for immigration reform.Top senate Democrat Chuck Schumer said he would seek to rename a Senate building in his honour.Praise for McCain however was not universal: Chinese social media users called him an “enemy of China” for his hawkish foreign policy views.And comments on the US far-right Breitbart website slammed the senator for his key vote against the Obamacare repeal.McCain had been away from the senate floor since December, remaining at his Arizona ranch for treatment of glioblastoma-the same form of brain cancer that took the life of another senate giant, Democrat Ted Kennedy, in 2009.The son and grandson of four-star admirals, McCain will be buried in the cemetery of the US Naval Academy in Annapolis, on a peaceful hillside overlooking the Severn River.As a student at the academy, he had a reputation as a rebel, but with a wit and charm that drew people to him.In 2015, McCain himself revealed the simple epitaph he wanted on his tombstone, which will stand alongside those of naval heroes going back to the 1800s: “He served his country.”last_img read more

Putin wants old Russian empire back Poroshenko

first_imgUkraine`s president Petro Poroshenko (2nd R) meets with servicemen as he visits the 169th training centre `Desna` of the Ukrainian Army ground forces in Chernihiv Region, Ukraine on 28 November 2018. Photo: ReutersUkraine president Petro Poroshenko accused Russia’s Vladimir Putin of seeking to annex his entire country and called in interviews with German media for Chancellor Angela Merkel to come to Kiev’s aid in the crisis.Russia seized three Ukrainian navy ships and their crews on Sunday near the Crimean peninsula, which Moscow annexed in 2014, over what it said was their illegal entry into Russian waters – a charge Ukraine strongly refutes.In interviews with Germany’s Bild newspaper and the Funke newspaper group on Thursday, Poroshenko rejected Russia’s charge that the vessels’ entry into the Azov Sea – a body of water shared by Ukraine and Russia on which the Ukrainian ports of Mariupol and Berdyansk sit – was a provocation.”Don’t believe Putin’s lies,” he told Bild, Germany’s biggest-selling paper, comparing Russia’s protestations of innocence in the affair to Moscow’s 2014 denial that it had soldiers in Crimea even as they moved to annex it.”Putin wants the old Russian empire back,” he said. “Crimea, Donbass, the whole country. As Russian Tsar, as he sees himself, his empire can’t function without Ukraine. He sees us as his colony.”The seizure of the navy vessels drove tensions to their highest since 2015, when Moscow-backed rebels rose against the Kiev government in the eastern Donbass region, sparking a war that has killed tens of thousands.Poroshenko called on Germany, the largest and wealthiest buyer of Moscow’s gas exports, to halt the building of an undersea gas pipeline that would allow Russia to supply Germany directly, cutting out Ukraine.”We need a strong, resolute and clear reaction to Russia’s aggressive behaviour,” he told Funke. “That also means stopping the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project.”Germany regards the pipeline, which is being built by Russian state-owned energy company Gazprom, as a private investment. But Merkel recently acknowledged its “political dimensions” and said Ukraine must continue to be a conduit for Russian gas sold to western Europe.German officials said on Wednesday that their position on the pipeline remained unchanged and that talk of tighter sanctions against Moscow, demanded by the United States and many European politicians, was “premature”.Poroshenko also called for the stationing of NATO vessels in the Sea of Azov.last_img

100000 Pilgrims of Radio Maryja Family in Poland

first_img SharePrint WhatsApp Thousands attending the Jasna Gora pilgrimageThousands attending the Jasna Gora pilgrimage About 100,000 people took part in the 28th Pilgrimage of the Radio Maryja Family to the Jasna Góra Shrine of Our Lady. For years it has been one of the most numerous pilgrimages in Europe. The pilgrims were greeted by Pope Francis during the Angelus prayer.The motto of this year’s pilgrimage was the statement of St. John Paul II: “May Your Spirit descend! And renew the face of the earth. Of this land!”. The faithful prayed for their families on the meadows around the Shrine of Our Lady, asking for respect for everyone’s life and apologized “for insults, sacrileges, and profanities”.Prime Minister in attendanceAccording to Vatican News, in his homily, Bishop Ignacy Dec referred to the words of Pope Francis, urging the congregation to leave a comfortable couch in order to have a good time in the homily.The celebrations at the Jasna Góra Shrine were attended by Polish parliamentarians and government representatives headed by Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki.Radio Maryja is a nationwide Catholic radio station addressing social issues. Since its foundation in 1991, it has been run by the Redemptorist Congregation. The Congregation founded Trwam Television in 2003, now part of the media of the Radio Maryja Family.The Shrine of Jasna Góra is visited by more than 4 million believers every year. The most numerous pilgrimage is that of the Radio Maryja Family.center_img <a href=’http://revive.newsbook.com.mt/www/delivery/ck.php?n=ab2c8853&amp;cb={random}’ target=’_blank’><img src=’https://revive.newsbook.com.mt/www/delivery/avw.php?zoneid=97&amp;cb={random}&amp;n=ab2c8853&amp;ct0={clickurl_enc}’ border=’0′ alt=” /></a>last_img read more