A ban order barring officials from wearing pheran, a long woollen winter dress, to the office of Zonal Education Officer (ZEO) in north Kashmir’s Langate, which triggered a massive online campaign against it, was withdrawn on Thursday. Chief Education Officer, Kupwara, Mohammad Shafi War, said the order issued by the Langate zonal officer, Agha Abdul Rasheed, “has been withdrawn.”“Pheran is part of our culture. The earlier order was passed after some employees would come to work in their night dresses,” said Mr. War. The earlier move evoked sharp responses from politicians and civil society in Kashmir, which is experiencing a cold wave with sub-zero temperatures. The pheran is preferred attire to battle the cold. Former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah on Tuesday uploaded pictures wearing a pheran to protest against the ban. “ My father and I have worn pherans to official functions and will continue to do so,” said Mr. Abdullah, as he uploaded pictures of his father Dr. Farooq Abdullah, and himself, in pictures wearing the dress.Roohi Nazki, a restaurateur, started an online campaign in favour of the pheran, garnering a massive response from netizens in Kashmir and abroad.
Craig Ervine provided an important thrust to the innings as Zimbabwe set Kenya a big target and then completed a 161-run rout on Sunday in the last Group A match of the World Cup. ScoreErvine’s stroke-filled 66 stood out in a batting performance that helped Zimbabwe score an imposing 308 for six after electing to bat in the inconsequential match.In reply, Kenya were all out for 147 in 36 overs in the face of some tight bowling by the spinners.Zimbabwe finished with two wins after having beaten Canada earlier in the league, while Kenya remained without a win.Kenya were led by veteran all-rounder Steve Tikolo in his last match after regular captain Jimmy Kamande was ruled out due to a knee injury.Kenya’s batting succumbed in the face of Zimbabwe’s first 300-plus total in the tournament.Ervine provided the impetus amid a strong middle-order batting performance, striking a brisk 66 and adding 105 runs for the fifth wicket with Elton Chigumbura, who made 38.Ervine struck nine fours and a six during his fluent 54-ball knock, during which he often worked the ball cleverly off his legs. He was out in the 48th over when he played on a delivery from pace bowler Elijah Otieno.But the Kenyans got no respite as Prosper Utseya struck 19 off just six balls, including a six and three boundaries off the first four deliveries off the last over of the innings bowled by Otieno.Zimbabwe had earlier made up for two early dismissals as Tatenda Taibu and Vusi Sibanda added 110 for the third wicket in just under 20 overs.advertisementThe partnership was broken due to a mix up that saw both batsmen at the same end. Sibanda had to go back after an entertaining 57-ball 61 in which he hit seven fours and a six to Tikolo that had taken him to his 13th half-century.Taibu struck 53 off 74 balls, completing his 18th half-century as well as 3,000 runs in limited-overs internationals with a well-timed four to the point boundary. But he was out soon after as he tried one reverse-sweep too many against leg-spinner James Ngoche and was trapped lbw.The Kenyan batting line-up struggled from the start.After pace bowler Chris Mpofu provided the initial breakthrough by trapping David Obuya lbw, left-arm spinner Ray Price showed his expertise with the new ball.He removed Tikolo and well-set opener Alex Obanda, both lbw. Collins Obuya was run out and Utseya removed Tanmay Mishra as half the Kenyan side was dismissed by the 12th over.The game meandered on from then with Kenya only ensuring there were no embarrassment, Nehemieh Odhiambo making an unbeaten 44.
Policemen inspect the car that Shahbaz Taseer was driving when he was abducted in Lahore.Shahbaz Taseer, the billionaire son of slain Punjab governor Salman Taseer noticed the black Landcruiser and motorcycle shadowing him around 10 a.m. on August 26. By then, it was too late. Four unidentified men dragged the,Policemen inspect the car that Shahbaz Taseer was driving when he was abducted in Lahore.Shahbaz Taseer, the billionaire son of slain Punjab governor Salman Taseer noticed the black Landcruiser and motorcycle shadowing him around 10 a.m. on August 26. By then, it was too late. Four unidentified men dragged the 28-year-old out of his shiny two-seater Mercedes sports car in Lahore’s posh Gulberg area and bundled him into their vehicle. They tossed his laptop and mobile phones back into the Mercedes roadster before driving away.Police said Shahbaz was driving to his office in Gulberg without his usual police escort. A Taseer family driver later spotted the Mercedes parked in the middle of the road, doors ajar. No group claimed responsibility for the sensational kidnapping and no ransom call was made. A high-ranking law enforcement official told India Today on condition of anonymity that Shahbaz was kidnapped by intelligence agencies as they “doubted his loyalty” to the nation. The agencies have, in the past, illegally detained people on mere suspicion.Shahbaz Taseer was kidnapped on August 26Kidnapping for ransom has now spilled over from Karachi, Peshawar and the lawless tribal areas of Pakistan, to enter Lahore. Children, tourists and middle or upper class Pakistanis and businessmen are common targets for ransom that range from Pakistani Rs 20 lakh to Rs 10 crore.Shahbaz’s is the third high-profile kidnapping in the past two months. A Swiss couple, Divid Oliver Och and Daniela Widmer, were abducted from their camping van in Quetta on July 1, allegedly by gunmen belonging to the Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). An American aid official, Warren Weinstein, 70, was also kidnapped from his Lahore home by six assailants on August 13. No ransom calls were made in any of these cases. This has led to speculation of political motives behind the kidnapping.advertisement”The agencies abducted more than a hundred innocent people during the Pervez Musharraf era and the practice continues,” says Amna Janjua, chairman of an NGO, Defence of Human Rights. Janjua’s husband, Masood Janjua, an educationist, went missing in May 2005. Janjua claims he has been detained by security agencies.Swiss couple Daniela Widmer and Dividoliveroch were abducted from their camping van in Quetta on July 1.However, the Federal Investigation Agency and police have claimed that they have arrested a dozen suspects and are pursuing investigations into the Shahbaz kidnapping. Some theories linked the abduction to extremists who are seeking the release of Shahbaz’s father’s assassin, Malik Mumtaz Qadri, now lodged in Adyala jail in Rawalpindi. Shahbaz was a vocal critic of Pakistan’s harsh anti-blasphemy laws. An official of Pakistan’s Investigation Bureau said three of the arrested suspects belong to the banned Jamaat-ud-Dawa group, a charity arm of the Lashkar-e-Toiba, and frequently visited Qadri in prison.”Shahbaz’s kidnapping is an eye-opener. Where are the government, law enforcement agencies and intelligence agencies?” said a member of the Taseer family on condition of anonymity. “The government has failed to safeguard the lives and property of people,” she added.Shahbaz took over as the director of the family’s businesses, founded by his father, following the latter’s assasination on January 4. They include real estate firm Pace Pakistan, brokerage firms First Capital Equities and First Capital Securities Corporation, as well as Media Times that controls the leading English newspaper Daily Times, Urdu Daily AajKal, kids channel Wikkid Plus and satellite channel Business Plus. He and his wife Maheen Ghani were offloaded from a New York-bound flight at San Francisco on August 19 last year when a hoax caller said they were potential hijackers. The couple filed a lawsuit against the airline in March this year.The kidnapping of the scion has sent a wave of fear and anger across the country, particularly in the ruling PPP, of which Salman Taseer was a member. Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani contacted Shahbaz’s mother and assured her of the government’s support. He directed the Punjab police chief to take all measures to find the missing billionaire. President Asif Ali Zardari also telephoned Shahbaz’s mother and assured her that efforts would be made to find her son. A hurried meeting called by the Chief Minister of Punjab province, Shahbaz Sharif, was attended by the chief secretary, home secretary and inspector general of police. Police have apprehended two suspects who were allegedly shadowing Shahbaz.The case has clearly embarrassed the Punjab provincial police. Chief City Police Officer of Lahore, Malik Ahmed Raza, denied police negligence. He said Shahbaz did not use his security cordon of 17 policemen. Provincial law minister Rana Sanaullah blamed Shahbaz for leaving his security detail at home.advertisementThe Crime Investigation Branch says that 47 people were kidnapped for ransom last year. Thirteen people were kidnapped in the first three months of 2011. The principal suspects are militant groups who kidnap high value targets, such as businessmen, and use the ransom to purchase arms and ammunition from Afghanistan and Iran.
DefinitionAsthma is a disease that causes the airways to swell and get narrow.Alternative NamesPediatric asthma; Asthma – pediatricCauses, incidence, and risk factorsAsthma is caused by swelling in the airways. During an asthma attack, the muscles surrounding the airways tighten. The lining of the air passages swells. Less air is able to pass through as a result.Asthma is often seen in children. It is a leading cause of missed school days and hospital visits for children. An allergic reaction is a key part of asthma in children. Asthma and allergies often occur together.Some things that can bring on asthma symptoms (triggers) include:Animals (hair or dander)Dust, mold, and pollenAspirin and other medicinesCold air, such as changes in weather (most often cold weather)Chemicals in the air or in foodTobacco smokeExerciseStrong emotionsViral infections, such as the common coldSymptomsBreathing problems are common. They can include:Shortness of breathFeeling out of breathGasping for airTrouble breathing out (exhaling)Breathing faster than normalWhen the child is having a hard time breathing, the skin of the chest and neck may suck inward.Other symptoms of asthma in children include:Coughing that sometimes wakes the child up at night (it may be the only symptom)Dark bags under the eyesFeeling tiredIrritabilityTightness in the chestA whistling sound made when breathing (wheezing). You may notice it more when the child breathes out.Your childs asthma symptoms may vary. Symptoms may appear often or else develop only when triggers are present. Some children are more likely to have asthma symptoms at night.advertisementSigns and testsThe health care provider will to listen to the childs lungs. The health care provider may be able to hear asthma sounds. However, lung sounds are often normal when the child is not having an asthma episode.The health care provider will have the child breathe into a device called a peak flow meter. Peak flow meters can tell how well the child can blow air out of the lungs. If the airways are narrow due to asthma, peak flow values drop.You and your child will learn to measure peak flow at home.Tests may include:Allergy testingChest x-rayEosinophil count (a type of white blood cell)Lung function testsTreatmentYou and your childs doctors should work together as a team to create and carry out an asthma action plan.This plan will tell you how to:Avoid asthma triggersMonitor symptomsMeasure peak flowTake medicinesThe plan should also tell you when to call the nurse or doctor. Its important to know what questions to ask your childs doctor.Children with asthma need a lot of support at school.Give the school staff your asthma action plan so they know how to take care of your childs asthma.Find out how to let your child take medicine during school hours. (You may need to sign a consent form.)Having asthma does not mean your child cannot exercise. Coaches, gym teachers, and your child should know what to do if your child has asthma symptoms caused by exercise.ASTHMA MEDICINESThere are two basic kinds of medicine used to treat asthma.Long-term control drugs are taken every day to prevent asthma symptoms. Your child should take these medicines even if no symptoms are present. Some children may need more than one long-term control medicine.Types of long-term control medicines include:Inhaled steroids (these are usually the first choice of treatment)Long-acting bronchodilators (these are almost always used with inhaled steroids)Leukotriene inhibitorsCromolyn sodiumQuick relief or rescue asthma drugs work fast to control asthma symptoms.Children take them when they are coughing, wheezing, having trouble breathing, or having an asthma attack.Examples of quick relief medicines include Proventil, Ventolin, and Xopenex.Some of your childs asthma medicines can be taken using an inhaler.Children who use an inhaler should use a “spacer” device. This helps them to get the medicine into the lungs properly.If your child uses the inhaler wrong way, less medicine gets into the lungs. Have your health care provider show your child how to correctly use an inhaler.Younger children can use a nebulizer instead of an inhaler to take their medicine. A nebulizer turns asthma medicine into a mist.GETTING RID OF TRIGGERSIt is important to know what things make your childs asthma worse. These are called asthma “triggers.” Avoiding them is the first step toward helping your child feeling better.Keep pets outdoors, or at least away from the childs bedroom.advertisementNo one should smoke in a house or around a child with asthma.Getting rid of tobacco smoke in the home is the single most important thing a family can do to help a child with asthma.Smoking outside the house is not enough. Family members and visitors who smoke carry the smoke inside on their clothes and hair. This can trigger asthma symptoms.Do not use indoor fireplaces.Keep the house clean. Keep food in containers and out of bedrooms. This helps reduce the possibility of cockroaches, which can trigger asthma attacks. Cleaning products in the home should be unscented.MONITOR YOUR CHILDS ASTHMAChecking “peak flow” is one of the best ways to control asthma. It can help you keep your childs asthma from getting worse. Asthma attacks do NOT usually come on without warning.Children under age 5 may not be able to use a peak flow meter well enough for it be helpful. However, a child should start using the peak flow meter at a young age to get used to it. An adult should always watch for a childs asthma symptoms.Expectations (prognosis)With proper treatment, most children with asthma can live a normal life. When asthma is not well controlled, it can lead to missed school, problems playing sports, missed work for parents, and many visits to the doctors office and emergency room.Asthma symptoms often lessen or go away completely as the child gets older. Asthma that is not well controlled can lead to lasting lung problems.Rarely, asthma can be a life-threatening disease. Families need to work closely with their health care professionals to develop a plan to care for a child with asthma.Calling your health care providerCall your health care provider if you think your child has new symptoms of asthma. If your child has been diagnosed with asthma, call the doctor:After an emergency room visitWhen peak flow numbers have been getting lowerWhen symptoms are more frequent and more severe even though your child is following the asthma action planIf your child is having trouble breathing or having an asthma attack, get medical help right away.Emergency symptoms include:Difficulty breathingBluish color to the lips and faceSevere anxiety due to shortness of breathRapid pulseSweatingDecreased level of alertness, such as severe drowsiness or confusionA child who is having a severe asthma attack may need to stay in the hospital and get oxygen and medicines through a vein (intravenous line or IV).ReferencesNational Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma. Rockville, Md. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, US Dept of Health and Human Services; 2007. NIH publications 08-4051.Castro-Rodriguez JA, Rodrigo GJ. Efficacy of inhaled corticosteroids in infants and preschoolers with recurrent wheezing and asthma: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2009 Mar;123(3):e519-25.Bush A, Saglani S. Management of severe asthma in children. Lancet. 2010 Sep 4;376(9743):814-25.Brozek JL, Bousquet J, Baena-Cagnani CE, Bonini S, Canonica GW, Casale TB, et al. Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines: 2010 revision. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 Sep;126(3):466-76.advertisementMcMahon AW, Levenson MS, McEvoy BW, Mosholder AD, Murphy D. Age and risks of FDA-approved long-acting beta-adrenergic receptor agonists. Pediatrics. 2011;128(5):e1147-1154.Liu AH, Covar RA, Spahn JD, Leung DYM. Childhood asthma. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 138.Review Date:5/10/2013Reviewed By:Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.