The victory was a welcome boost for Scorpions following their disappointing defeat to title-holders Trinidad and Tobago Red Force on Thursday, while ICC Americas slid to their second straight defeat, on the heels of their opening-round loss to Barbados Pride. The right-handed McCarthy held the Scorpions’ innings together after it threatened to stall at 61 for three in the 16th over when they lost captain John Campbell (3), fellow opener Trevon Griffith (15) and Devon Thomas (19) cheaply. He counted 11 fours and four sixes and shared a 105-run fourth-wicket stand with Lambert, whose 28 came from 51 balls and included two fours. McCarthy added a further 49 for the sixth wicket with Aldaine Thomas (15), before he was seventh out via the run-out route. In reply, ICC Americas lost captain Ruvindu Gunasekara to the first ball of the innings, but climbed back into the contest through a 42-run stand between Kumar and Steven Taylor (12). Once the stand was broken, however, the last nine Americas wickets tumbled for 34 runs as Jacobs scythed through the innings. AT QUEEN’S PARK OVAL: Trinidad and Tobago Red Force beat Barbados Pride by nine wickets. Scores: Barbados Pride 161 all out off 49.3 overs (Roston Chase 50; Jon Ross Jagessar 3-24). T&T Red Force 163 for one off 35.5 overs (Kjorn Ottley 80 not out, Kyle Hope 70 not out). WELCOME BOOST ST AUGUSTINE, Trinidad (CMC): Andre McCarthy struck his maiden regional one-day hundred and leg-spinner Damien Jacobs claimed a five-wicket haul as Jamaica Scorpions rebounded from their opening-round loss to crush ICC Americas by 184 runs here yesterday. Playing at the Frank Worrell Memorial Ground at the UWI Sport & Physical Education Centre, Scorpions piled up 260 for eight off their 50 overs, with the 28-year-old McCarthy hammering 118 from 119 deliveries. The only other frontline batsman to make it past 20, however, was former captain Tamar Lambert with 28, while Sheldon Cottrell chipped in with a cameo 29 batting at number seven. Fastman Jeremy Gordon was the best bowler with three for 32, while Muhammad Khan claimed two for 63. In their turn at the crease, the Americas never posed a serious challenge and slumped to 76 all out off 26.4 overs. Nitish Kumar top-scored with 42, but was the only batsman to pass 15, and only one of two to reach double figures, as Jacobs destroyed the innings with five for 22. Fast bowler Nicholas Gordon picked up two for 17.
4 February 2015The Proteas got a full South African send off at Melrose Arch in Johannesburg before making their way to Christchurch, New Zealand, on Wednesday for the 2015 Cricket World Cup.Hundreds of passionate fans turned up at Melrose Arch to wish the team luck as part of Cricket South Africa’s #ProteaFire supporters campaign.“In you flows the blood of African warriors,” Sports Minister Mbalula Fikile told the team at a media briefing on Wednesday morning. “It’s now or never. South Africa, your time has arrived to conquer.”Australia enters the Cup at the top of the latest ICC ODI Team Rankings, which were released on Monday after their 112-run tri-series final victory over England in Perth on Sunday. South Africa is ranked third – but the Proteas go into the tournament as one of the favourites.Click here to see the full ICC rankings“There’s no hiding from the fact that we haven’t won a World Cup,” captain AB de Villiers said. “There’s a lot of pressure but we’re gonna stick together.”South Africa will play Sri Lanka in their first warm-up match on Monday. On Wednesday, they will play New Zealand in a warm-up match.Their first World Cup match will be played in Hamilton on 13 February, where the South African side will face Zimbabwe in the first of six group games.“There is no complacency when facing a side in a World Cup. You have to respect all of them,” Protea coach Russell Domingo said.The selection committee announced the World Cup squad in January. It includes includes eight players with previous World Cup experience: De Villiers, Hashim Amla, Faf du Plessis, JP Duminy, Wayne Parnell, Morne Morkel, Dale Steyn and Imran Tahir.“We feel we have a nice blend of experience of major knock-out tournaments plus the freshness that will come from the relative newcomers,” Andrew Hudson, the convenor of the selection committee, said at the announcement.“We have also stayed true to our policy of consistency and reward for good performances that has enabled us to build a good record over the past 12 months. The fact that most of these series have been played away from home has provided excellent preparation as well,” Hudson said.#ProteaFireCricket South Africa has been running a supporters’ campaign, which they have tagged #ProteaFire.As part of the campaign, Protea players were asked what it meant to them to represent South Africa. Captain AB de Villiers said: ‘Representing your country at a World Cup is the highest honour that any player can achieve, it is what we all aspire for a young cricketers.“When we step on to the field, we want nothing more than to make our country proud. We know that we will be representing 60-million passionate South Africans when we head to New Zealand and Australia and having that support means the world to us.”SQUADCastle Lager Proteas World Cup squad: AB de Villiers (The Unlimited Titans, capt), Hashim Amla (Nashua Cape Cobras, vice capt), Kyle Abbott (Sunfoil Dolphins), Farhaan Behardien (The Unlimited Titans), Quinton de Kock (bizhub Highveld Lions), JP Duminy (Nashua Cape Cobras), Faf du Plessis (The Unlimited Titans), Imran Tahir (Sunfoil Dolphins), David Miller (Sunfoil Dolphins), Morne Morkel (The Unlimited Titans),Wayne Parnell (Chevrolet Warriors), Aaron Phangiso (bizhub Highveld Lions), Vernon Philander (Nashua Cape Cobras), Rilee Rossouw (Chevrolet Knights), Dale Steyn (Nashua Cape Cobras).All the player profiles, stats: Cricket SA’s Player ProfilesFIXTURESGroup matches15 February, 3am: South Africa v Zimbabwe. Seddon Park, Hamilton22 February, 5.30am: South Africa v India. Melbourne Cricket Ground27 February, 5.30am: South Africa v West Indies. Sydney Cricket Ground3 March, 5.30am: South Africa v Ireland. Manuka Oval, Canberra7 March, 3am: South Africa v Pakistand. Eden Park, Auckland12 March, 3am: South Africa v United Arab Emirates. Westpac Stadium, WellingtonQuaterfinals18 March, 5.30am: Sydney Cricket Ground19 March, 5.30am: Melbourne Cricket Ground20 March, 5.30am: Adelaide Oval21 March, 3am: Westpac Stadium, WellingtonSemifinals24 March, 3am: Eden Park, Auckland26 March, 5.30am: Sydney Cricket GroundFinal29 March, 5.30am: Melbourne Cricket GroundSAinfo reporter
The Imitation Game, a biopic about British mathematician and World War Two code-breaker Alan Turing, won the top prize at the Toronto International Film Festival on Sunday.The film, which stars Benedict Cumberbatch as Turing, took the Groslch People’s Choice award for best film at the 39th edition of the festival.Accepting the award on behalf of director Morten Tyldum, Elevation Pictures’ Noah Segal said simply, “Yummy, delicious,” a reference to an audience member who had declared the same about Cumberbatch during a question-and-answer session following the film’s screening during the festival.Benedict Cumberbatch plays British mathematician and World War Two code-breaker Alan Turing in The Imitation Game”It was unnerving, but true,” said Segal.The award, which is chosen by audience members and has in the past gone to Oscar best picture winners such as Slumdog Millionaire, and last year’s 12 Years a Slave, will likely ramp up the buzz around the film.In the movie, Turing is the brilliant mathematician who breaks the Germans’ Enigma code, helping to bring the war to an end. He took his own life at 41 after he was convicted for being a homosexual.Cumberbatch, one of the most sought-after actors in film and television, gave an immediate “yes” to playing Turing, he told Reuters last week.”There is a huge burden, an onus of responsibility,” the 38-year-old Englishman said. “This was an extraordinary man and sadly, bizarrely not that well known a man of his achievements.”The runner-up for the prize was “Learning to Drive,” a film about a Manhattan writer, played by Patricia Clarkson, who finds comfort in her lessons with a Sikh driving instructor, played by Ben Kingsley.advertisement”St. Vincent,” starring Bill Murray, took second runner-up.The People’s Choice award for top film in the Midnight Madness program, which often showcases horror and offbeat films, went to “What We Do in the Shadows,” a mockumentary about vampires living in a New Zealand suburb.”I’d like to use this forum to bring attention to a more serious matter: the disgusting sport of vampire hunting,” said co-director and co-star Jemaine Clement.The People’s Choice award for top documentary went to “Beats of the Antonov,” which follows refugees from the Blue Nile and Nuba Mountains in Sudan.Started in 1976, the Toronto festival now ranks with Cannes and Sundance as one of the world’s top movie gatherings. The festival often serves as a launching point for films and performances that go on to win Academy Awards, as well as international films seeking distribution deals.This year saw the festival’s highest film sales after a bidding war ended with Paramount buying Chris Rock’s “Top Five” for a reported $12.5 million, organizers said. Forty-one film sales have been announced so far, including 24 major sales to U.S. distributors.
DefinitionAsthma is a disease that causes the airways to swell and get narrow.Alternative NamesPediatric asthma; Asthma – pediatricCauses, incidence, and risk factorsAsthma is caused by swelling in the airways. During an asthma attack, the muscles surrounding the airways tighten. The lining of the air passages swells. Less air is able to pass through as a result.Asthma is often seen in children. It is a leading cause of missed school days and hospital visits for children. An allergic reaction is a key part of asthma in children. Asthma and allergies often occur together.Some things that can bring on asthma symptoms (triggers) include:Animals (hair or dander)Dust, mold, and pollenAspirin and other medicinesCold air, such as changes in weather (most often cold weather)Chemicals in the air or in foodTobacco smokeExerciseStrong emotionsViral infections, such as the common coldSymptomsBreathing problems are common. They can include:Shortness of breathFeeling out of breathGasping for airTrouble breathing out (exhaling)Breathing faster than normalWhen the child is having a hard time breathing, the skin of the chest and neck may suck inward.Other symptoms of asthma in children include:Coughing that sometimes wakes the child up at night (it may be the only symptom)Dark bags under the eyesFeeling tiredIrritabilityTightness in the chestA whistling sound made when breathing (wheezing). You may notice it more when the child breathes out.Your childs asthma symptoms may vary. Symptoms may appear often or else develop only when triggers are present. Some children are more likely to have asthma symptoms at night.advertisementSigns and testsThe health care provider will to listen to the childs lungs. The health care provider may be able to hear asthma sounds. However, lung sounds are often normal when the child is not having an asthma episode.The health care provider will have the child breathe into a device called a peak flow meter. Peak flow meters can tell how well the child can blow air out of the lungs. If the airways are narrow due to asthma, peak flow values drop.You and your child will learn to measure peak flow at home.Tests may include:Allergy testingChest x-rayEosinophil count (a type of white blood cell)Lung function testsTreatmentYou and your childs doctors should work together as a team to create and carry out an asthma action plan.This plan will tell you how to:Avoid asthma triggersMonitor symptomsMeasure peak flowTake medicinesThe plan should also tell you when to call the nurse or doctor. Its important to know what questions to ask your childs doctor.Children with asthma need a lot of support at school.Give the school staff your asthma action plan so they know how to take care of your childs asthma.Find out how to let your child take medicine during school hours. (You may need to sign a consent form.)Having asthma does not mean your child cannot exercise. Coaches, gym teachers, and your child should know what to do if your child has asthma symptoms caused by exercise.ASTHMA MEDICINESThere are two basic kinds of medicine used to treat asthma.Long-term control drugs are taken every day to prevent asthma symptoms. Your child should take these medicines even if no symptoms are present. Some children may need more than one long-term control medicine.Types of long-term control medicines include:Inhaled steroids (these are usually the first choice of treatment)Long-acting bronchodilators (these are almost always used with inhaled steroids)Leukotriene inhibitorsCromolyn sodiumQuick relief or rescue asthma drugs work fast to control asthma symptoms.Children take them when they are coughing, wheezing, having trouble breathing, or having an asthma attack.Examples of quick relief medicines include Proventil, Ventolin, and Xopenex.Some of your childs asthma medicines can be taken using an inhaler.Children who use an inhaler should use a “spacer” device. This helps them to get the medicine into the lungs properly.If your child uses the inhaler wrong way, less medicine gets into the lungs. Have your health care provider show your child how to correctly use an inhaler.Younger children can use a nebulizer instead of an inhaler to take their medicine. A nebulizer turns asthma medicine into a mist.GETTING RID OF TRIGGERSIt is important to know what things make your childs asthma worse. These are called asthma “triggers.” Avoiding them is the first step toward helping your child feeling better.Keep pets outdoors, or at least away from the childs bedroom.advertisementNo one should smoke in a house or around a child with asthma.Getting rid of tobacco smoke in the home is the single most important thing a family can do to help a child with asthma.Smoking outside the house is not enough. Family members and visitors who smoke carry the smoke inside on their clothes and hair. This can trigger asthma symptoms.Do not use indoor fireplaces.Keep the house clean. Keep food in containers and out of bedrooms. This helps reduce the possibility of cockroaches, which can trigger asthma attacks. Cleaning products in the home should be unscented.MONITOR YOUR CHILDS ASTHMAChecking “peak flow” is one of the best ways to control asthma. It can help you keep your childs asthma from getting worse. Asthma attacks do NOT usually come on without warning.Children under age 5 may not be able to use a peak flow meter well enough for it be helpful. However, a child should start using the peak flow meter at a young age to get used to it. An adult should always watch for a childs asthma symptoms.Expectations (prognosis)With proper treatment, most children with asthma can live a normal life. When asthma is not well controlled, it can lead to missed school, problems playing sports, missed work for parents, and many visits to the doctors office and emergency room.Asthma symptoms often lessen or go away completely as the child gets older. Asthma that is not well controlled can lead to lasting lung problems.Rarely, asthma can be a life-threatening disease. Families need to work closely with their health care professionals to develop a plan to care for a child with asthma.Calling your health care providerCall your health care provider if you think your child has new symptoms of asthma. If your child has been diagnosed with asthma, call the doctor:After an emergency room visitWhen peak flow numbers have been getting lowerWhen symptoms are more frequent and more severe even though your child is following the asthma action planIf your child is having trouble breathing or having an asthma attack, get medical help right away.Emergency symptoms include:Difficulty breathingBluish color to the lips and faceSevere anxiety due to shortness of breathRapid pulseSweatingDecreased level of alertness, such as severe drowsiness or confusionA child who is having a severe asthma attack may need to stay in the hospital and get oxygen and medicines through a vein (intravenous line or IV).ReferencesNational Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma. Rockville, Md. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, US Dept of Health and Human Services; 2007. NIH publications 08-4051.Castro-Rodriguez JA, Rodrigo GJ. Efficacy of inhaled corticosteroids in infants and preschoolers with recurrent wheezing and asthma: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2009 Mar;123(3):e519-25.Bush A, Saglani S. Management of severe asthma in children. Lancet. 2010 Sep 4;376(9743):814-25.Brozek JL, Bousquet J, Baena-Cagnani CE, Bonini S, Canonica GW, Casale TB, et al. Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines: 2010 revision. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 Sep;126(3):466-76.advertisementMcMahon AW, Levenson MS, McEvoy BW, Mosholder AD, Murphy D. Age and risks of FDA-approved long-acting beta-adrenergic receptor agonists. Pediatrics. 2011;128(5):e1147-1154.Liu AH, Covar RA, Spahn JD, Leung DYM. Childhood asthma. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 138.Review Date:5/10/2013Reviewed By:Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.