1 December 2011 South Africa’s new national HIV/Aids plan aims to drastically cut new infections by further extending antiretroviral treatment while tackling the epidemic together with TB and addressing related human rights and stigma issues. President Jacob Zuma launched the new National Strategic Plan (NSP) for HIV/Aids 2012-2016 in Port Elizabeth on World Aids Day, 1 December. The plan proposes to deal with HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and tuberculosis (TB) together by adopting a holistic approach which includes preventative and therapeutic measures. It also promises to do much more to tackle related issues of violence against women.Five goals, four aims The plan brings together five succinct goals and four aims, whose combined purpose is to quash new HIV infections. The five goals are: To address social and structural barriers to HIV, STI and TB prevention, care and impact.To prevent new HIV, STI and TB infections.To sustain health and wellness.To increase the protection of human rights and improve access to justice. The NSP’s four goals are: The ‘three zeros’ – plus one more Launching the plan at the Wolfson Stadium in KwaZakhele, Port Elizabeth, Zuma said South Africa had also adopted the “three zeros” agreed to at the United Nations high level meeting in New York this June as a vision for the next 20 years. “In addition, we added, as a country, a fourth zero, which aims to eliminate HIV transmission from mother to child,” Zuma said. “The four zeros are: ‘zero new HIV and TB infection; zero new infections due to mother to child transmission; zero preventable deaths associated with HIV and TB, and zero discrimination associated with HIV and TB.”Tackling violence against women The President was pleased that the issue of violence against women was reflected in the new plan. Recent research in South Africa showed that the country could prevent HIV infections in young women if they were not subjected to violence or intimidation by their partners. “Government is prioritising the fight against the abuse of women and children through law enforcement as well as education and awareness,” Zuma said. “We must also enhance our socio-economic interventions to deal with poverty, unemployment, food insecurity and inequality… These either contribute to the spread of HIV or worsen impact of the epidemic.” The new plan will be implemented from April from 2012.‘Everybody needs to get on board’ Eastern Cape Premier Noxolo Kiviet said that, for the strategy to work, everybody needed to get on board. “Let’s ensure that these initiatives included in the NSP don’t go to waste but take us forward,” Kiviet said. “We hope that the information shared today will make a difference to the youth and assist us to achieve the triple zeros accordingly.” Welcoming the launch of the new plan, Prudence Mabela, who has been living with HIV for 22 years, said everyone had to “walk the talk” when it came to implementing the plan. She urged other infected people to take treatment, and those who had not tested to go find out their status. “You can trust the public hospitals, I’m using them and they are helping,” Mabela said. “With the treatment you can live longer. I’ve taken TB treatment for six months and it’s effective, including the ARVs.” Source: BuaNews To reduce new HIV infections by at least 50% by using a combination of prevention approaches.To Initiate at least 80% of eligible patients on antiretroviral treatment, with 70% being alive and on treatment five years after initiation.To reduce the number of new TB infections as well as deaths from TB by 50%.To ensure an enabling and accessible legal framework that protects and promotes human rights in order to support the implementation of the plan.To reduce self-reported stigma related to HIV and TB by at least 50%.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Current economics in both the dairy and soybean industries are causing a resurgence of the decades old practice of roasting soybeans to make them suitable for livestock consumption. The Ohio Ag Net’s Ty Higgins found grain roaster Ed Schmerge and his Roast-A-Matic near Kalida, Ohio earlier this week to find out more.
First, limit hot water useNo matter how the water is heated, using less of it conserves energy. That’s a no-brainer. But posters differed on the best ways to accomplish that seemingly simple end, especially when children and teens live at home.That’s simple, Riversong says: “The only ‘green’ way to save water heating energy is to use less hot water. Unfortunately, that requires imbuing our children with the old-fashioned ethics of forbearance and limits – and no piece of technology is going to do that. It’s part of the responsibility of parenting.”Besides, he adds, people seem hung up on taking frequent showers in the first place. With water shortages expected to become a major problem, it’s better for health as well as the environment to bathe less often. After all, that strategy served our forbears just fine.Lucas Durand came across an interesting conservation approach when he visited his brother in South Korea. The brother’s small apartment was served by a tankless hot water heater, but it could be activated only by pushing a button on a control panel. That got you 10 minutes worth of water. If you wanted more, you had to press the button again. The “big catch” was that you could press the button only five times in a 24-hour period, and that had to cover all hot-water needs, not just showers.“This set-up may not have been typical of every home in Korea, but it does show that concepts of hot water use vary widely even within the developed world,” Durand wrote. “In other words there are many, many people living in civilized parts of the world that do just fine on what some North Americans might consider a water ration.”Danny Waite had another suggestion: an $8 ball valve installed on the hot side of the water heater. It could be shut off whenever a shower went on too long. “My teenage sons quickly learned to limit shower times to under 5 minutes after instantaneously having their hot water eliminated,” he says. “Cold water seems to awaken the senses and get one to think ‘green.’” Pros and cons of tankless heatersWelch writes that according to the Department of Energy, a tankless heater should save between $100 and $150 per year when compared to an Energy Star storage heater. But, he adds, the savings aren’t significant and they probably don’t factor in the long-shower problem. Moreover, tankless units cost two or three times as much as the best storage units, require a stainless steel flue, are difficult to install and cost more to maintain.You got it, answers Robert Riversong. “You’re quite right that the super-sized burners on high-volume tankless heaters make no ecological sense,” he says. In addition to high initial costs and higher maintenance costs, Riversong adds, hard water can leave mineral deposits in the heat-transfer coils, which may force the purchase of a water softener. RELATED ARTICLES Storage vs. Tankless Water HeatersWater Heating Q&A: How do I reconcile an electric, tankless water heater and low flow faucets?Solar Hot Water: Heating Water With the Sun Isn’t CheapSolar HeatHot-Water Circulation GREEN PRODUCT GUIDE Tankless water heaters have one advantage over conventional storage units: no standby losses. Instead of keeping water hot around the clock, regardless of whether it’s actually needed, tankless units heat water only when a tap or an appliance is turned on. By rights, this should mean lower energy consumption, a decidedly green advantage.But, as Ed Welch asks in a Q&A post, where are the savings when he can’t get his kids out of the shower? “I know we waste more water, as a result waste more energy heating that water,” he writes. “And the kids are not even teenagers yet!”In addition to arguing the merits of tankless vs. tank heaters, Green Building Advisor readers had plenty of suggestions on the most economical ways of heating water and how to reduce consumption. Water Heaters, Fuel-Fired ResidentialYes, says Michael Chandler, a builder in Chapel Hill, NC, on-demand hot water heaters are “more of a luxury than an energy conserving solution,” but keep in mind that most gas tank-style hot water hears are only about 60% efficient. Electric heaters can be even worse from an efficiency point of view. If the source of utility power is a coal-fired plant, only about a third of the energy potential of coal is actually available at the panel, making it “practically criminal” to use one of these appliances.“One thing not mentioned in this discussion is that a tankless HWH is a great solution for some, not all,” writes Richard. He lives alone, is frequently away from home and doesn’t see the point of keeping 40 gallons of water hot around the clock. “I use cold water for laundry and quick hand washing,” he says. “My only hot water use is showers, dishwashing and washing up.” Looking for economy water heatingIf on-demand heaters are not a shoo-in for most economical, what is?Riversong’s suggestion is an indirect hot water tank connected to a high-efficiency boiler. Indirect heaters have no heat source of their own but tap into the boiler via a heat exchanger. The arrangement, he says, provides nearly unlimited hot water as it heats the house with very low standby losses. Fuel consumption is a fraction of what a large tankless unit would use.Chandler proposes using a tankless heater to heat water in a tank, in much the same way an indirect system uses a boiler, and adds a link to an illustration (with a warning that while he’s a licensed plumber, there’s still something of a “mad scientist experimentation” at work).Solar hot water collectors are another possibility, but here opinions were divided on whether the sizable investment they require is going to pay off.While Chandler thinks solar collectors will reduce energy consumption, fellow GBA senior editor Martin Holladay writes that most people won’t see a payback for between 30 and 60 years. In particular, he cited a 2006 study by Steven Winter Associates that examined a $7,800 solar hot water system in Massachusetts and a $6,500 system in Wisconsin.In the case of Massachusetts, annual savings were a measly $135 with a payback of 58 years; in Wisconsin, savings were even lower, $86 years, with a payback after 76 years. “Finally,” he adds, “it should be pointed out that the researchers assumed zero maintenance costs — and we all know that’s not going to happen.”Stephane Boisjoli suggests the installation of a drain water heat-recovery system, which captures transfer heat from the water draining from a shower to the incoming water supply. These passive devices are installed vertically to replace a section of conventional drain line. There are no moving parts, and no maintenance. Savings can be considerable.Finally, there are on-demand hot-water circulation systems in which hot water is pumped to its point of use after a button is pressed or a motion sensor in the bathroom goes off. As the water warms up, it’s recirculated so none of it is wasted. After a short wait, when the shower or tap is turned on, hot water is available right away. For long plumbing runs, such a system might make sense.
3:07 “Sports Nutrition Podcast” Audio Player00:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. 1. Photospin.com/Toh Kheng HoDietitians! Do you want to become a Board Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics (CSSD)? Are you working with athletes or service members who want the best athletic performance and peak conditioning? Listen to this audiocast for a preview of our upcoming webinar.Performance Nutrition Considerations for Service Members and Veterans.You can register here. Dietitians earn 1 CPEU.
Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers Read Next Garcia makes up for poor start, takes over for Castro in TNT win 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting “I wish you not to think about anything which has recently accompanied your preparation for these Olympics,” Putin told a gathering of athletes at his presidential residence outside Moscow on Wednesday.He added that he hopes they “focus on sporting competition, and that you know that following you, as usual, are hundreds of thousands, millions, of fans who love you and hope you win.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutWhile the athletes wore their IOC-approved “neutral” uniforms without the Russian flag — gray for men, red for women — the event was full of patriotic gestures.Hockey players Pavel Datsyuk and Ilya Kovalchuk stepped up to present Putin with a Russian jersey bearing his name and players’ signatures along with the slogan “Russia in my heart.” View comments Russian President Vladimir Putin, receives a jersey from ice hockey player Ilya Kovalchuk, left, during a meeting with the Russian athletes who will take part in the upcoming 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympic Games in South Korea, at the Novo-Ogaryovo residence outside in Moscow, Russia, Wednesday, Jan. 31, 2018. (Grigory Dukor/Pool Photo via AP)MOSCOW — Russian President Vladimir Putin has told the country’s athletes to forget about doping scandals when they compete at the Pyeongchang Olympics.As punishment for what it deemed a doping scheme during the 2014 Sochi Olympics, the International Olympic Committee has invited 169 Russians to compete under a neutral flag using the name “Olympic Athletes from Russia.”ADVERTISEMENT Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Russian envoy: Putin accepts Duterte’s invitation to visit PH PLAY LIST 01:37Russian envoy: Putin accepts Duterte’s invitation to visit PH02:38Duterte to speak at Valdai forum during visit to Russia01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City LATEST STORIES Several athletes wore their “neutral” jackets open to show a Russian-flag shirt underneath.Russian athletes won’t be allowed to display the flag in Pyeongchang, or to celebrate with Russian flags given by fans. If they win, the Olympic anthem will be played. John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ