© 2013 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Security researcher discovers badBIOS malware that jumps using microphone and speakers (2013, November 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-11-badbios-malware-microphone-speakers.html All of the things Ruiu has described have been seen before, just not all together. The Stuxnet virus, for example, was passed to infected machines from memory sticks, and high-frequency sound waves have been used to send network packets of information for years. What’s troubling about badBIOS is that it’s either infecting only Ruiu’s machines, or it’s infecting a lot of other machines but nobody knows about it because of its very sneaky nature. If it is infecting other computers, what is it doing, and why?Ruiu contends that badBIOS is malware that infects a computer’s BIOS, thus reformatting a hard drive won’t kill it, nor will running any known commercial antivirus software suite. Ruiu says that despite cleaning every piece of hardware he owns, the infections return. He says it all started around three years ago after installing a fresh copy of Mac OS X on his MacBook Air—the firmware on it updated itself without him doing anything to cause it to do so. Afterwards, the machine refused to allow him to boot from a CD ROM. Over the next several months, he reports, his other computers began behaving strangely as well, modifying their own firmware, occasionally deleting data and undoing changes to configuration information. What really worried him though was that a computer not connected to a network, or the Internet became infected as well. That led him to discover that encrypted data packets were being sent between infected machines, even those not on a network. The only way to stop them, he found, was disconnecting the microphones and speakers.Ruiu’s tale is a strange one indeed, begging several questions. The first of which is why is he the only one infected? Also, because of the complexity of the malware, if it’s real, it almost certainly has been created by an entity with a lot of money, most likely a government. If so, which one, and why? And if a group or a government went to so much trouble to create badBIOS, why use it to infect one security expert, unless perhaps, the purpose is to use him as a pawn to test how well it does whatever it’s been designed to do? (Phys.org) —Highly respected Canadian security expert Dragos Ruiu has been fighting, he claims, an unknown bit of malware that that appears to run on Windows, Mac OS X, BSD and Linux, for approximately three years. After much research and effort, which he has been documenting using several online venues (mainly Twitter), he says he believes the malware infects computers via memory sticks, and vice versa. He says also that he’s found evidence that the malware is able to create mini-networks between infected machines using high frequency sound waves that are passed from a computer’s microphone to another’s speakers, and vice-versa. Unfortunately, at this time, Ruiu is the only person that appears to know about the malware, which he has dubbed badBIOS. Explore further UN atomic agency suffers ‘malware’ attack
Most people know that exposure to hot weather can impact thought processing, emotions and ultimately behavior—news reports of higher rates of crime during heatwaves provide just one example. In this new effort, the researchers wondered what impact hot weather might have on public servants—particularly those who have to work regardless of the weather. More specifically, they focused their attention on food inspectors and police officers—and the people with whom they interact. The study was done as part of ongoing research into possible impacts on people due to global warming.To better understand how food inspectors and police officers might be impacted by hotter weather, the researchers accessed databases of information about food inspection activities and traffic statistics. More specifically, for food inspectors, they looked at the number of food safety inspections that occurred and the number of food safety violations that were reported over the years 2001 to 2015. For police officer performance, they looked at the number of police stops made and the number of accidents that occurred across the U.S. from 2002 to 2017. Linking such data with weather data allowed the researchers to spot behavioral changes during periods of hot weather.The researchers found that there were more car accidents during hot weather—but there were fewer traffic stops. There were also fewer food inspections, but more food safety violations. They suggest more car accidents and food safety violations are indicative of changes in the behavior of drivers and those who work in restaurants, when they get hot—they become less careful. The data also suggests that hot weather can causes police officers and food inspectors to be less diligent, which, the researchers suggest, could be a problem as the planet continues to heat up. A team of researchers affiliated with MIT and Harvard University has found evidence suggesting that as the planet heats up, the performance of some government workers might be negatively impacted. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Nick Obradovich, Dustin Tingley and Iyad Rahwan describe their study of data related to police officer and food inspector performance during hot weather, and what they found. © 2018 Phys.org Explore further More information: Nick Obradovich et al. Effects of environmental stressors on daily governance, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2018). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1803765115AbstractHuman workers ensure the functioning of governments around the world. The efficacy of human workers, in turn, is linked to the climatic conditions they face. Here we show that the same weather that amplifies human health hazards also reduces street-level government workers’ oversight of these hazards. To do so, we employ US data from over 70 million regulatory police stops between 2000 and 2017, from over 500,000 fatal vehicular crashes between 2001 and 2015, and from nearly 13 million food safety violations across over 4 million inspections between 2012 and 2016. We find that cold and hot temperatures increase fatal crash risk and incidence of food safety violations while also decreasing police stops and food safety inspections. Added precipitation increases fatal crash risk while also decreasing police stops. We examine downscaled general circulation model output to highlight the possible day-to-day governance impacts of climate change by 2050 and 2099. Future warming may augment regulatory oversight during cooler seasons. During hotter seasons, however, warming may diminish regulatory oversight while simultaneously amplifying the hazards government workers are tasked with overseeing. Credit: CC0 Public Domain Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Citation: Evidence suggests global warming might have a negative impact on some government workers (2018, August 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-08-evidence-global-negative-impact-workers.html Empathetic police are less effective in the face of public criticism, study says This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Ni/graphene powders after shear mixing and freeze drying. (A) SEM image of Ni/graphene powders, showing no noticeable aggregation of graphene sheets. (B) TEM image of the surface of a Ni/graphene powder, showing that few-layered graphene closely coated around the Ni particle. (C) In situ heating observation of a Ni/graphene powder. Graphene gradually dissolved into Ni with increasing temperature. Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav5577 Zhang et al. used Ni alloys due to their outstanding capability to withstand high temperatures and creep resistance. To verify high temperature performance, the scientists added titanium (Ti, 2 percent) and aluminum (Al, 2 percent) into the Ni/graphene powders for sintering. The resulting Ni-Ti-Al/Ni3C composite also showed brick-and-mortar architecture and stripe-like-grains. The earlier Ni/ Ni3C composites maintained a high hardness from room temperature to 300 °C, although afterwards the hardness rapidly decreased. In comparison, the Ni-Ti-Al/Ni3C composite developed thereafter, showed no hardness reduction up to 500 °C. The new composites were relatively smooth at room temperature and showed oxidized surfaces with irregular particles at 1000 °C. Based on the alloy recipes and heat treatments introduced in the study, the scientists propose using the novel composites to engineer the next-generation superalloys for potential temperature elevated applications, including aircraft gas turbines and spacecraft airframes. In this way, Zhang and colleagues designed and developed a prototypical graphene-derived Ni/Ni3C composite with nacre-inspired brick-and-mortar architecture. They conducted extensive characterization studies to investigate and understand the material properties of the newly developed composites. The Ni-Ti-Al/Ni3C composite showed superior strength at 1000 °C compared to commercial superalloys. The scientists envision this promising new strategy to design and synthesize advanced, bioinspired materials to achieve exceptionally high mechanical robustness for a wide-range of applications in materials science and multidisciplinary fields. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Science Advances Microstructure of the graphene-enabled Ni/Ni3C composite. (A) SEM image of cold-rolled Ni/Ni3C composite, showing brick-and-mortar structures. (B) Fracture surface of Ni/Ni3C composite, showing laminated structure constructed by elongated dimples. (C) Low-magnification TEM image, showing a large second-phase particle embedded in the Ni matrix. (D) After cold rolling, Ni grains were deformed into long stripes with the thickness ranging from 100 to 300 nm. (E) Two-beam diffraction dark-field image of the Ni matrix, showing a high concentration of dislocations. (F) Close-up observation of the Ni/Ni3C boundary. (G) HRTEM image of the interface between Ni and a second-phase particle, revealing a transition zone. (H) Ni3C crystal on [−110] plane. (I) HRTEM image of the [−110] plane of Ni3C particle, showing identical atomic arrangement as in the Fig. 2H. (J) Schematic illustration of the formation of Ni/Ni3C composite with a brick-and-mortar structure. Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav5577 3-D printing electrically assisted, nacre-inspired structures with self-sensing capabilities , Advanced Materials Due to the mix of strengthening and toughening mechanisms introduced in the method, the final sample showed an improved strength of 73 percent and only 28 percent reduction in ductility to cause notable toughness enhancement. Zhang et al. then included titanium (Ti) and aluminum (Al) in the graphene-derived composite to form Ni-Ti-Al/ Ni3C as a superalloy. The scientists propose to use the 2-D material enabled powder on different material constituents to create possibilities for new metal matrix composites. They then conducted tests to investigate the microstructure and mechanical performance of graphene-enabled Ni/ Ni3C composites using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). They confirmed the composition of the new material and showed that the material did not break during the process of intricate manufacture. The graphene-derived Ni/Ni3C composites showed outstanding mechanical performance, observed using dog bone shaped samples of the composites. The scientists used the combined strength and ductility in the present work to indicate that the bioinspired brick-and-mortar architecture efficiently mitigated the conflict between strength and toughness. To understand the stiffening, strengthening and toughening mechanisms of the graphene-derived Ni/ Ni3C composite, Zhang et al. conducted nanoindentation studies and obtained the Young’s modulus of the material. They showed that the Ni3C platelets enhanced the Young’s modulus of the novel material for increased hardness. The resulting structures showing hard and reduced modulus maps to present an alternating hard-soft-structure. Then using atom probe tomography (APT) maps, they showed homogenously dispersed carbon atoms in the nickel matrix. The graphene-derived Ni/Ni3C composite showed obvious plastic deformation and higher toughness compared with pure Ni, the structural integrity of the new material could deviate cracks to prevent their opening, much like natural nacre. The scientists also showed the appearance of metal bridges for effective crack deflection, where the layered architecture blunted the crack tip, preventing further crack propagation to experimentally prove the brick-and-mortar architecture of Ni/ Ni3C contributing to toughness and ductility without crack induction. Materials scientists previously attempted to mimic the architecture of nacre with remarkable success. However, the intrinsically low plasticity of ceramics and polymers used, limited their potential mechanical activity. Researchers therefore expected to clone nacre’s architecture with stronger constituents such as metal incorporated composites, in a more promising yet challenging task. Scientists previously used Nickel (Ni) and its alloys in diverse applications due to compatibility in high temperatures and extreme environments with outstanding mechanical performance and stability. In the present work, therefore, Zhang et al. investigated if graphene-enabled, high-performance Ni matrix composites with nacre-like, brick-and-mortar structure could be engineered by scalable and feasible procedures. For this, Zhang et al. first formed a graphene-delivered Ni/Ni3C composite with a characteristic bioinspired, brick-and-mortar architecture using conventional powder metallurgy. They homogenously coated Ni powders with graphene during shear mixing and freeze drying and dissolved carbon into Ni at high temperatures to facilitate the sintering process. The Ni3C platelets formed during the process served as major load bearers, strengthening the composites, while the Ni matrix ensured ductility. Strengthening and toughening mechanisms of graphene-derived Ni/Ni3C composite with brick-and-mortar structure. (A) Nanoindentation load-displacement curves of Ni and Ni3C platelet. (B) Hardness map derived from nanoindentation tests. (C) Reduced modulus map derived from nanoindentation tests. (D) Finite element simulation of the Ni/Ni3C composite under tension. (E) APT map of Ni and C atom distribution. (F) APT map of C atom distribution. (G) In situ tensile test with strain map. (H) In situ three-point bending test under SEM. Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav5577 Microstructure of Ni-Ti-Al/Ni3C composite and high-temperature Vickers hardness of Ni, graphene-derived Ni/Ni3C composite, Ni-Ti-Al/Ni3C composite, and HR-224 superalloy. (A) SEM image of Ni-Ti-Al/Ni3C composite after chemical etching. (B) High-angle annular dark-field (HAADF) image of the Ni-Ti-Al/Ni3C composite. (C to F) High-resolution EDS of Ni, Ti, Al, and C maps. (G) Hardness values from high-temperature Vickers hardness tests. (H) Room temperature Vickers hardness indentation impression on Ni-Ti-Al/Ni3C composite (the edge length of the inset image is 180 μm). (I) High-temperature (1000°C) Vickers hardness indentation impression on Ni-Ti-Al/Ni3C composite (the edge length of the inset image is 180 μm). Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav5577 , Science In a recent study, Yunya Zhang and co-workers at the departments of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Materials Science and Atom-Probe Tomography in the U.S. developed a bioinspired Ni/Ni3C composite to mimic nacre-like brick-and-mortar structure with Ni powders and graphene sheets. They showed that the composite achieved 73 percent increase in strength with only a 28 percent compromise in ductility to indicate a notable improvement in toughness. In the study, the researchers developed optimized material of graphene-derived, nickel- (Ni), titanium- (Ti) and aluminum- (Al) based composites (Ni-Ti-Al/ Ni3C composite) that retained high hardness of up to 1000 °C. The materials scientists unveiled a new method in the work to fabricate smart 2-D materials and engineer high-performance metal matrix composites. The composites displayed a brick-and-mortar structure via interfacial reactions to develop functionally advanced Ni-C based alloys for high-temperature environments. The results are now published in Science Advances. Next-generation materials should inherently combine properties of strength and toughness, although their pursuit results in a compromise between hardness and ductility. In engineered materials, an initiated fracture can propagate rapidly without any shield, whereas biological structures can allow hierarchical architectures made of non-toxic and limited resources to deviate crack opening. A common example is mother-of-pearl or nacre, composed of aragonite (form of CaCO3), platelets and biopolymer. In the brick-and-mortar structure, the aragonite platelets act as bricks for load bearing, and the biopolymer acts as a mortar binding the aragonite platelets together. During fracture in nacre, the structure of mineral bridges can shield the crack opening, while biopolymer layers dissipate the fracture energy to prevent large-scale delamination. Citation: Bioinspired Materials—Graphene-enabled nickel composites (2019, June 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-bioinspired-materialsgraphene-enabled-nickel-composites.html , Nature Materials Mechanical properties of graphene-enabled Ni/Ni3C composite with a brick-and-mortar structure. (A) Tensile stress-strain curves of Ni, Ni produced by powder metallurgy, and Ni/Ni3C composite (inset shows the size of tensile specimen). (B) Comparative bar chart of mechanical properties of Ni and Ni/Ni3C composite. (C) Elongation versus yield strength plot showing that the as-fabricated Ni/Ni3C composite had an outstanding combination of strength and ductility. Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav5577 Bioinspired engineering strategies rely on achieving the combined biological properties of strength and toughness inherent in nature. Tissue engineers and materials scientists therefore aim to construct intelligent, hierarchical biomimetic structures from limited resources. As a representative material, natural nacre maintains a brick-and-mortar structure that allows many viable toughening mechanisms on multiple scales. Such naturally occurring materials demonstrate an outstanding combination of strength and toughness, unlike any synthetic, engineered biomaterial. Explore further More information: Yunya Zhang et al. Bioinspired, graphene-enabled Ni composites with high strength and toughness, Science Advances (2019). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav5577Sungbaek Seo et al. Significant Performance Enhancement of Polymer Resins by Bioinspired Dynamic Bonding, Advanced Materials (2017). DOI: 10.1002/adma.201703026Ulrike G. K. Wegst et al. Bioinspired structural materials, Nature Materials (2014). DOI: 10.1038/nmat4089E. Munch et al. Tough, Bio-Inspired Hybrid Materials, Science (2008). DOI: 10.1126/science.1164865 © 2019 Science X Network
Jamia Millia Islamia has published Tagore Shanasi, a comprehensive study on Rabindranath Tagore in Urdu.The study has been done by the university’s Department of Urdu under the Tagore Research and Translation Scheme funded by the Ministry of Culture. The book has been authored by renowned critic and author Shamim Tarique and has been published by leading Urdu publishing house, Maktaba Jamia Limited. Spread over 15 sections, this 180-page book deals with different facets of Tagore and his works. Besides Tagore’s time-period, family, birth, childhood, education, his interest in nature, visits and journey, marriage, household affairs, his character and personality, Tarique has thrown light on the creative journey of Tagore i.e. his poetry, music, drama, story, novel and painting. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Tarique has discussed at length Tagore’s association with Santiniketan, the university he founded, and his role as a teacher. He has also looked at important signposts such as his winning the Nobel Prize. He has also reflected on Tagore’s thought and philosophy, his concept of nationalism, his poetic vision, his final journey and his creations and publications.‘All those pure hearted scholars should be saluted who provided the new bases of understanding Tagore,’ said Tarique who dedicated the book to the spirit of nationalism that is finely manifested in Jamia Millia Islamia, the 92-year-old university. Ten thousand copies of the book have been published and will be distributed free among the scholars and general readers.
I had a very confused idea about brunches. It was all about a late breakfast that filled you up so much that there was no place for lunch. But then I had to redefine things in my head. Brunches were breakfast lunches that spread over half the late day, over noon and a little bit of those early evenings. And am talking winter sunlight – what’s not to love?Making most of the winter sun most hotels across the Capital are hosting their special winter brunches. We headed over to Blooms at Eros Hotel, Nehru Place to try their spread. Priced at Rs 2500 (plus taxes and without alcohol) they offer unlimited sparkling wine, some great cocktails and of course beer. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Start with the incredible spread of cold cuts. Out of all the places we have tried out for brunch, Blooms had one of the most impressive cold cut platters, hands down! Dig in to fresh salmon, ham, pepperoni, prawn cocktails, mussels, squids and the list just goes in. It is a complete meat lovers’ delight. For those not willing to go all carnivorous, you can try Roasted mushroom caps with balsamic and cheese flakes, Potato and bean salad, Caprese, French beans with sundried tomatoes, Tea flavoured eggs with tapenade and there’s more. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixFor the main course they have a buffet on offer as well as live counters for Teppanyaki, Dimsums, Italian, Sizzlers and Grills, Galouti and Prathas and dishes from the Tandoor and even some awesome South Indian fare.Make sure you try the prawn dimsums and get the chef to whip up some great fried rice at the Teppanyaki counter. Do not miss the grills where you can get salmon, lobsters, squid and tenderloin steaks grilled for you. Try the grilled pineapple for guilty pleasures. As the chef suggests, do try the malabari parathas with mutton.Please keep some place for deserts as they have the chocolate fountain with fruit skewers and an incredible chocolate cake with the liquid centre that is baked fresh for you. You can also take a pick from the ready dessert platter.Head over this Sunday, the brunch is on from 12 to 4. Make a date out of it. You won’t regret it!
Shunyata translated in English means emptiness. Based on the philosophy of Shakyamuni Gautam Buddha, Buddhism conceptualises Shunyata as the principle concept of nothingness. To essay this philosophy of Gautam Buddha on the stage, Kathak danseuse Shovana Narayan, teamed up with the Grammy Award winners – the Buddhist monks of the Sherabling Monastic Seat to present the music and dance production, Shunyata. The two-hour show was staged in the Capital at Kamani Auditorium, on 30 September. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The event was graced by the presence of Murli Manohar Joshi, MP of Kanpur, Meira Kumar, ?Former Speaker of? LS,? Salman Khurshid, Cabinet Minister of MEA and many other dignitaries. Shunyata was an amalgation of dance traditions of Kathak and the ritual arts of Vajrayana Buddhism. Interlaced with meditation and abhiyana, the entire cast of the show essayed some of the chapters of Lord Buddha’s life in four different parts. It reflected Lord Buddha’s attainment of enlightenment and how he revised life of millions of his followers. The life-changing experiences of King Ashoka and other disciples of Buddha – Kisa and Sujata were demonstrated in the performances. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe act took through the experiences of King Ashoka after the war of Kalinga. How Ashoka slowly removes the veils of arrogance standing amidst a sea of corpses was beautifully depicted in the act. The next episode told the story of Kisa, who did not accept the death of her child and becomes a demented woman. The final episode was of Sujata, who had fed kheer to Buddha and became his first disciple. Each of these experiences essayed the time immemorial quest and fears that each person goes through and for which answers have to be found by each within him or herself. The programme also featured a recitation of poetry on Prayer Flag by Sudeep Sen.
The Opposition has come down heavily on the Modi-government over their India-US civil nuclear agreement, which was inked on Sunday. While CPM general secretary Prakash Karat raised the liability clause attached with the deal, the Congress slammed the government for not keeping them in the loop about it.Karat while citing the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy said, “We all know what happened in Bhopal and we should be prepared to protect the interests of our people in case of any mishaps and accidents. It should not be compromised and the US was exerting immense pressure to circumvent this condition.” Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJIKarat went on to say, “Now that both governments have arrived at an agreement over the nuke deal, the Indian government should disclose its stand on the liability clause that has been incorporated.” He also said that America had been strongly opposing this clause “due to excess pressure from the nuclear suppliers lobby.” The Left leader said, “Such a tough policy was vital to ensure that defective and sub-standard nuclear materials are not routed to India.” Also Read – Health remains key challenge in India’s development: KovindMeanwhile senior Congress leader and former external affairs minister Salman Khurshid, while referring to the deal, said, “I am not sure yet what the content is. It should be shared with our leadership, Soniaji and Dr Manmohan Singh.” When reportedly asked about the ‘break-through’ deal being a result of Modi’s camaraderie with Obama he said, “Diplomacy is a lot more than body language. Body language can also be a matter of command performance. We are interested in content and substance and not in stage performances. As long as the performances look good, who can complain?”“If they are following the path that we have set out for them, we can’t complain. Who made the nuclear law and under what pressure? The agreement almost brought down the (then UPA) government and the trust vote (held in Parliament over the deal) was forced by the BJP,” said Khurshid, adding, “We do deserve an acknowledgement that there was an attempt at interference or else we could have achieved this breakthrough long ago.”
Reconstructing the narration from damaged or thrown iron objects to weave newer stories, Delhi based artist Gopal Namjoshi is all set to exhibit Iron Installations over an Art Exhibition at India Habitat Center. The exhibition will be starting from March 21 for a period of 20 days . The artist has reconstructed the scratched, broken, damaged, thrown etc to shape up these installations. As Namjoshi, believes that iron objects to weave newer stories taking the forms of cows, birds, humans, monkeys, insects, goats and the living world of all organisms. The beauty of his sculpted animals, human forms are having genuine expressions which can be seen reflecting out of the metallic lifeless forms because their heart bears the true spirit and yet not mechanical. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Gopal Namjoshi is an independent artist and muralist working in the area of arts, crafts and design and have been practising for over 25 years now. Gopal has craved niche for himself with his innovative scale of works. After spending his formative years as a designer, lecturer, consultant and an advertising professional in Jaipur, has moved his base to Delhi-Gurgaon and has swiftly been picking up to the likes of the city.Born in 1961 in Jaipur, Gopal Namjoshi studied art for five years at the Rajasthan School of Arts, Jaipur and was also awarded Gold Medal for achieving 1st position in another five Year diploma in Fine Arts from, School of Arts, Jaipur.When: On from March 21Where: India Habitat Center, Lodhi Road
The Noida Authority Board on Friday approved two metro projects worth Rs 6,710 crores along with allotting
Kolkata: A biker without a headgear was killed in a road accident in New Town on Friday morning. According to the locals, when the biker tried to cross the taxi and the dumper, the rider lost control and collided with the dumper on his left side and sustained head injuries. Police informed that at 9:15 am on Friday one Sankar Mondal was headed towards Narkelbagan from Baliguri on his bike bearing registration number WB 26AD/5537 and near Chakpachuria, he faced the taxi and the dumper. He tried to go ahead taking the in-between road as the vehicles were running side by side in front of him and Mondal somehow came close to the taxi. As a result his bike and taxi collided on the right side. Though Mondal did not fall on the ground, he lost control over his bike and collided with the dumper’s right side. His bike immediately skidded and Mondal got stuck in a hook of the dumper. The driver of the dumper came to a halt after he was alerted by the pedestrians. Mondal was removed to a hospital where doctors declared him brought dead.